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effects_of_marriage_on_physical_health [2017/05/16 12:18]
marri [2.1 Related American Demographics]
effects_of_marriage_on_physical_health [2017/05/16 12:24] (current)
marri
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 Married mothers practice better prenatal care and more consistently avoid harmful substances than unmarried mothers do.((Rachel T. Kimbro, “Together Forever? Romantic Relationship Characteristics and Prenatal Health Behaviors,​” //Journal of Marriage and Family// 70, (2008): 751-753. ​ Married mothers practice better prenatal care and more consistently avoid harmful substances than unmarried mothers do.((Rachel T. Kimbro, “Together Forever? Romantic Relationship Characteristics and Prenatal Health Behaviors,​” //Journal of Marriage and Family// 70, (2008): 751-753. ​
 \\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413-414.)) Married mothers are less likely to have low birth weight children than stably cohabiting mothers or mothers involved in a romantic relationship with their baby’s father.((Sheryl T. Bird, et al., “Beyond Marital Status: Relationship Type and Duration and the Risk of Low Birth Weight,” //Family Planning Perspectives//​ 32, no. 6 (2000): 285. \\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413-414.)) Married mothers are less likely to have low birth weight children than stably cohabiting mothers or mothers involved in a romantic relationship with their baby’s father.((Sheryl T. Bird, et al., “Beyond Marital Status: Relationship Type and Duration and the Risk of Low Birth Weight,” //Family Planning Perspectives//​ 32, no. 6 (2000): 285.
-\\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413.)) Married women have significantly fewer abortions than unmarried women.((National Center for Health Services, //National Vital Statistics Reports// 58, no. 4 (14 October 2009), Table 5, "​Pregnancy,​ Live Birth, and Induced Abortion Rates, by Marital Status and Race and Hispanic Origin: United States, 1990-2005.” As cited in Patrick F. Fagan, Thomas J. Tacoma, Brooke A. Tonne, and Alexander W. Matthews, “The Annual Report on Family Trends: 2011, The Behaviors of the American Family in the Five Major Institutions of Society” (February 2011): 101-102. Available at [[http://​marri.frc.org/​get.cfm?​i=RS11B01]]. Accessed 20 July 2011.))+\\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413.)) Married women have significantly fewer abortions than unmarried women.((National Center for Health Services, //National Vital Statistics Reports// 58, no. 4 (14 October 2009), Table 5, "​Pregnancy,​ Live Birth, and Induced Abortion Rates, by Marital Status and Race and Hispanic Origin: United States, 1990-2005.” As cited in Patrick F. Fagan, Thomas J. Tacoma, Brooke A. Tonne, and Alexander W. Matthews, “The Annual Report on Family Trends: 2011, The Behaviors of the American Family in the Five Major Institutions of Society” (February 2011): 101-102. Accessed 20 July 2011.))
  
 ====5.1 Related American Demographics==== ====5.1 Related American Demographics====
  
-According to the National Health and Social Life Survey, those in always-intact marriages were least likely to have ever had a sexually transmitted disease (1.3 percent). Sexually transmitted disease is more prevalent in non-intact family structures and among singles: 1.8 percent of those who were always single have had a sexually transmitted disease; 3 percent of those who were divorced or separated have had a sexually transmitted disease and 3.1 percent of those who were divorced and remarried had ever had a sexually transmitted disease.((Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, “'​Has Ever Had an STD' by Marital Status and Religious Attendance.” Available at [[http://​marri.us/​get.cfm?​i=MA13E09]]. Accessed 19 December 2013.)) (See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13K50.pdf|Chart]] Below)+According to the National Health and Social Life Survey, those in always-intact marriages were least likely to have ever had a sexually transmitted disease (1.3 percent). Sexually transmitted disease is more prevalent in non-intact family structures and among singles: 1.8 percent of those who were always single have had a sexually transmitted disease; 3 percent of those who were divorced or separated have had a sexually transmitted disease and 3.1 percent of those who were divorced and remarried had ever had a sexually transmitted disease.((Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, “'​Has Ever Had an STD' by Marital Status and Religious Attendance.” Available at [[http://​marri.us/​wp-content/​uploads/​MA-129.pdf]]. Accessed 19 December 2013.)) (See [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-129.pdf|Chart]] Below)
  
-[[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13K50.pdf|{{ :has_ever_had_an_std_by_marital_status.png?500 |Percentage Who Have Ever Had an STD}}]]+[[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-129.pdf|{{ :frequency_of_std_by_family_structure.jpg?500 |Percentage Who Have Ever Had an STD}}]]
  
 =====6. Children'​s Well-Being===== =====6. Children'​s Well-Being=====
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 ====6.1 Related American Demographics==== ====6.1 Related American Demographics====
  
-According to the Adolescent Health Survey (Wave I), female students in Grades 7-12 have an average of 0.71 sexual partners when they live in intact married families, whereas those who have a stepparent or divorced parents have an average of 1.39 and 1.29 sexual partners, respectively.((This chart draws on a large national sample (16,000) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Waves I and II. This work was done by the author in cooperation with former colleagues at The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C. \\ Patrick F. Fagan, "​Family Structure and Sexual Intercourse Partners—Adolescent Girls,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf]]+According to the Adolescent Health Survey (Wave I), female students in Grades 7-12 have an average of 0.71 sexual partners when they live in intact married families, whereas those who have a stepparent or divorced parents have an average of 1.39 and 1.29 sexual partners, respectively.((This chart draws on a large national sample (16,000) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Waves I and II. This work was done by the author in cooperation with former colleagues at The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C. \\ Patrick F. Fagan, "​Family Structure and Sexual Intercourse Partners—Adolescent Girls,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-4-6-150.pdf]]
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-This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​164-reasons-to-marry/​|164 Reasons to Marry]].)) (See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf|Chart]] Below)+This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​164-reasons-to-marry/​|164 Reasons to Marry]].)) (See [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-4-6-150.pdf|Chart]] Below)
  
-[[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf|{{ :family_structure_and_sexual_intercourse_partners_adolescent_girls.png?500 |Sexual Intercourse Partners for Girls by Family Structure}}]]+[[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-4-6-150.pdf|{{ :number_of_sexual_partners_for_adolescent_girls_by_family_structure.jpg?500 |Sexual Intercourse Partners for Girls by Family Structure}}]]