Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
effects_of_marriage_on_physical_health [2016/04/14 13:01]
marri [1. Health Care]
effects_of_marriage_on_physical_health [2017/05/16 12:24] (current)
marri
Line 14: Line 14:
 ====2.1 Related American Demographics==== ====2.1 Related American Demographics====
  
-Always-intact married adults are less likely than married, previously divorced adults and unmarried adults to report that they sometimes drink too much alcohol. According to the General Social Survey (GSS), 32.8 percent of always-intact married adults have reported that they sometimes drink too much alcohol, followed by 38.5 percent of married, previously-divorced adults, 43.2 percent of single, divorced or separated adults, and 47.8 percent of single, never-married adults. ((This chart draws on data collected by the General Social Survey, 1972-2006. From 1972 to 1993, the sample size averaged 1,500 each year. No GSS was conducted in 1979, 1981, or 1992. Since 1994, the GSS has been conducted only in even-numbered years and uses two samples per GSS that total approximately 3,000. In 2006, a third sample was added for a total sample size of 4,510. \\ Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, "'​Sometimes Drinks Too Much Alcohol'​ by Marital Status,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF10A53.pdf]])) (See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF10A53.pdf|Chart]] Below)+Always-intact married adults are less likely than married, previously divorced adults and unmarried adults to report that they sometimes drink too much alcohol. According to the General Social Survey (GSS), 32.8 percent of always-intact married adults have reported that they sometimes drink too much alcohol, followed by 38.5 percent of married, previously-divorced adults, 43.2 percent of single, divorced or separated adults, and 47.8 percent of single, never-married adults. ((This chart draws on data collected by the General Social Survey, 1972-2006. From 1972 to 1993, the sample size averaged 1,500 each year. No GSS was conducted in 1979, 1981, or 1992. Since 1994, the GSS has been conducted only in even-numbered years and uses two samples per GSS that total approximately 3,000. In 2006, a third sample was added for a total sample size of 4,510. \\ Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, "'​Sometimes Drinks Too Much Alcohol'​ by Marital Status,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://marri.us/wp-content/uploads/​MA-85-87-177.pdf]])) (See [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-85-87-177.pdf|Chart]] Below)
  
-[[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF10A53.pdf|{{ :sometimes_drinks_too_much_alcohol_by_marital_status.png?500 |"​Sometimes Drinks Too Much Alcohol"​ by Marital Status}}]]+[[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-85-87-177.pdf|{{ :drinks_too_much_alcohol_by_family_structure.jpg?500 |"​Sometimes Drinks Too Much Alcohol"​ by Marital Status}}]]
  
 =====3. Severe Illnesses===== =====3. Severe Illnesses=====
Line 42: Line 42:
 Married mothers practice better prenatal care and more consistently avoid harmful substances than unmarried mothers do.((Rachel T. Kimbro, “Together Forever? Romantic Relationship Characteristics and Prenatal Health Behaviors,​” //Journal of Marriage and Family// 70, (2008): 751-753. ​ Married mothers practice better prenatal care and more consistently avoid harmful substances than unmarried mothers do.((Rachel T. Kimbro, “Together Forever? Romantic Relationship Characteristics and Prenatal Health Behaviors,​” //Journal of Marriage and Family// 70, (2008): 751-753. ​
 \\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413-414.)) Married mothers are less likely to have low birth weight children than stably cohabiting mothers or mothers involved in a romantic relationship with their baby’s father.((Sheryl T. Bird, et al., “Beyond Marital Status: Relationship Type and Duration and the Risk of Low Birth Weight,” //Family Planning Perspectives//​ 32, no. 6 (2000): 285. \\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413-414.)) Married mothers are less likely to have low birth weight children than stably cohabiting mothers or mothers involved in a romantic relationship with their baby’s father.((Sheryl T. Bird, et al., “Beyond Marital Status: Relationship Type and Duration and the Risk of Low Birth Weight,” //Family Planning Perspectives//​ 32, no. 6 (2000): 285.
-\\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413.)) Married women have significantly fewer abortions than unmarried women.((National Center for Health Services, //National Vital Statistics Reports// 58, no. 4 (14 October 2009), Table 5, "​Pregnancy,​ Live Birth, and Induced Abortion Rates, by Marital Status and Race and Hispanic Origin: United States, 1990-2005.” As cited in Patrick F. Fagan, Thomas J. Tacoma, Brooke A. Tonne, and Alexander W. Matthews, “The Annual Report on Family Trends: 2011, The Behaviors of the American Family in the Five Major Institutions of Society” (February 2011): 101-102. Available at [[http://​marri.frc.org/​get.cfm?​i=RS11B01]]. Accessed 20 July 2011.))+\\ Julien O. Teitler, “Father Involvement,​ Child Health and Maternal Health Behavior,​” //Children and Youth Services Review// 23, no. 4-5 (2001): 413.)) Married women have significantly fewer abortions than unmarried women.((National Center for Health Services, //National Vital Statistics Reports// 58, no. 4 (14 October 2009), Table 5, "​Pregnancy,​ Live Birth, and Induced Abortion Rates, by Marital Status and Race and Hispanic Origin: United States, 1990-2005.” As cited in Patrick F. Fagan, Thomas J. Tacoma, Brooke A. Tonne, and Alexander W. Matthews, “The Annual Report on Family Trends: 2011, The Behaviors of the American Family in the Five Major Institutions of Society” (February 2011): 101-102. Accessed 20 July 2011.))
  
 ====5.1 Related American Demographics==== ====5.1 Related American Demographics====
  
-According to the National Health and Social Life Survey, those in always-intact marriages were least likely to have ever had a sexually transmitted disease (1.3 percent). Sexually transmitted disease is more prevalent in non-intact family structures and among singles: 1.8 percent of those who were always single have had a sexually transmitted disease; 3 percent of those who were divorced or separated have had a sexually transmitted disease and 3.1 percent of those who were divorced and remarried had ever had a sexually transmitted disease.((Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, “'​Has Ever Had an STD' by Marital Status and Religious Attendance.” Available at [[http://​marri.us/​get.cfm?​i=MA13E09]]. Accessed 19 December 2013.)) (See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13K50.pdf|Chart]] Below)+According to the National Health and Social Life Survey, those in always-intact marriages were least likely to have ever had a sexually transmitted disease (1.3 percent). Sexually transmitted disease is more prevalent in non-intact family structures and among singles: 1.8 percent of those who were always single have had a sexually transmitted disease; 3 percent of those who were divorced or separated have had a sexually transmitted disease and 3.1 percent of those who were divorced and remarried had ever had a sexually transmitted disease.((Patrick F. Fagan and Althea Nagai, “'​Has Ever Had an STD' by Marital Status and Religious Attendance.” Available at [[http://​marri.us/​wp-content/​uploads/​MA-129.pdf]]. Accessed 19 December 2013.)) (See [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-129.pdf|Chart]] Below)
  
-[[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13K50.pdf|{{ :has_ever_had_an_std_by_marital_status.png?500 |Percentage Who Have Ever Had an STD}}]]+[[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-129.pdf|{{ :frequency_of_std_by_family_structure.jpg?500 |Percentage Who Have Ever Had an STD}}]]
  
 =====6. Children'​s Well-Being===== =====6. Children'​s Well-Being=====
Line 61: Line 61:
 ====6.1 Related American Demographics==== ====6.1 Related American Demographics====
  
-According to the Adolescent Health Survey (Wave I), female students in Grades 7-12 have an average of 0.71 sexual partners when they live in intact married families, whereas those who have a stepparent or divorced parents have an average of 1.39 and 1.29 sexual partners, respectively.((This chart draws on a large national sample (16,000) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Waves I and II. This work was done by the author in cooperation with former colleagues at The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C. \\ Patrick F. Fagan, "​Family Structure and Sexual Intercourse Partners—Adolescent Girls,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf]]+According to the Adolescent Health Survey (Wave I), female students in Grades 7-12 have an average of 0.71 sexual partners when they live in intact married families, whereas those who have a stepparent or divorced parents have an average of 1.39 and 1.29 sexual partners, respectively.((This chart draws on a large national sample (16,000) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Waves I and II. This work was done by the author in cooperation with former colleagues at The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C. \\ Patrick F. Fagan, "​Family Structure and Sexual Intercourse Partners—Adolescent Girls,"​ Mapping America Project. Available at [[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-4-6-150.pdf]]
 \\ \\
 \\ \\
 \\ \\
-This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​reasons-to-marry|164 Reasons to Marry]].)) (See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf|Chart]] Below)+This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​164-reasons-to-marry/|164 Reasons to Marry]].)) (See [[http://marri.us/wp-content/uploads/​MA-4-6-150.pdf|Chart]] Below)
  
-[[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF08K28.pdf|{{ :family_structure_and_sexual_intercourse_partners_adolescent_girls.png?500 |Sexual Intercourse Partners for Girls by Family Structure}}]]+[[http://marri.us/​wp-content/uploads/MA-4-6-150.pdf|{{ :number_of_sexual_partners_for_adolescent_girls_by_family_structure.jpg?500 |Sexual Intercourse Partners for Girls by Family Structure}}]]