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State of the Family in Iowa

The United States Family Belonging Index is 46 percent, with a corresponding Family Rejection Index of 54 percent, based on 2008-2012 data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. The action of parents determines the Family Belonging or Rejection Index within a nation, region, state, or racial or ethnic group—whether they marry and belong to each other, or whether they reject one another through divorce or other means. Rejection leaves children without married parents committed to one another and to their children.

The Index of Family Belonging is determined by the fraction of children aged 15 to 17 in a given area who live with both their biological parents, who have been married since before or around the time of their birth.

1. Index of Belonging

Iowa has a Family Belonging Index of 52.2 percent. In other words, 52.2 percent of Iowan teenagers aged 15 to 17 have lived with their always-married parents since their birth, whereas 47.8 percent of these adolescents were raised in a non-intact family. Iowa ranks 6th on the state ranking of the Index of Belonging and Rejection.1)

Iowa State Ranking

2. Outcomes by Index of Belonging

Iowa Outcomes

2.1 Youth Outcomes

Iowa Youth Outcomes

3. Mapping Iowa

3.1 Family Intactness

Fraction of Families Intact Iowa Family Intactness

3.2 Teenage Out-of-Wedlock Births

Fraction of teenage out-of-wedlock births out of all births Iowa Teenage Out-of-Wedlock Births

3.3 High School Graduates

Fraction of 19- to 20-year-olds who are high school graduates Iowa High School Graduates

3.4 Employment

Fraction of 25- to 54-year-old men working Iowa Male Employment

3.5 Earnings

Average earnings per 25- to 54-year-old male Iowa Male Earnings

3.6 Homeowners

Fraction of households owning a home Iowa Homeowners

3.7 Poverty

See Effects of Family Structure on Poverty

Fraction of the overall population below poverty Iowa Overall Poverty Fraction of 25- to 54-year-old females below the poverty line Iowa Female Poverty Fraction of minors below the poverty line Iowa Minor Poverty

3.8 Government Dependence

See Effects of Family Structure on Government Dependency and Effects of Welfare on Families

Fraction of households receiving food stamps Iowa Food Stamps Average TANF and State Welfare Transfers per 25- to 54-year-old females Iowa TANF and State Welfare Transfers Average Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) per 25- to 54-year-olds Iowa Average Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) Average Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) per 25- to 54-year-old male Iowa Male Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) Average Supplemental Security Income (SSI) per 25- to 54-year-old male Iowa Male Supplement Security Income (SSI) Average Supplemental Security Income (SSI) per 25- to 54-year-old female Iowa Female Supplement Security Income (SSI)

3.9 Healthcare

See Effects of Family Structure on Healthcare Coverage

Fraction of 25- to 54-year-olds receiving public healthcare Iowa Public Healthcare Recipients Fraction of minors receiving public healthcare Iowa Minor Public Healthcare Recipients Fraction of 25- to 54-year-olds covered by private healthcare Iowa Private Healthcare Coverage Fraction of minors covered by private healthcare Iowa Minor Private Healthcare Coverage