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state_of_the_black_family [2015/11/10 08:30]
marri
state_of_the_black_family [2017/06/08 07:56]
marri
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 ==========State of the Black Family========== ==========State of the Black Family==========
  
-Fifty years ago Daniel Patrick Moynihan published his groundbreaking federal study, //The Negro Family: The Case for National Action//​.((Daniel P. Moynihan, “The Negro Family: The Case for National Action (1965),” //African American Male Research// (1997), available ​at +Fifty years ago Daniel Patrick Moynihan published his groundbreaking federal study, //The Negro Family: The Case for National Action//​.((Daniel P. Moynihan, “The Negro Family: The Case for National Action (1965),” //African American Male Research// (1997). Available ​at 
-[[http://​www.dol.gov/​oasam/​programs/​history/​webid-meynihan.htm]].)) In his introduction Moynihan stated, “At the heart of the deterioration of the fabric of Negro society is the deterioration of the Negro family.” Since then, that deterioration has accelerated dramatically. Today, only 17 percent of black teenagers reach age 17 in a family with both their biological parents married.((See chart 2 in [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF15B28.pdf|The Fifth Annual Index of Family Belonging and Rejection]])) In no state does family intactness exceed 30 percent.+[[http://​www.dol.gov/​oasam/​programs/​history/​webid-meynihan.htm]].)) In his introduction Moynihan stated, “At the heart of the deterioration of the fabric of Negro society is the deterioration of the Negro family.” Since then, that deterioration has accelerated dramatically. Today, only 17 percent of black teenagers reach age 17 in a family with both their biological parents married.((See chart 2 in [[http://marri.us/research/​research-papers/​fifth-annual-index-of-belonging-and-rejection/|The Fifth Annual Index of Family Belonging and Rejection]])) In no state does family intactness exceed 30 percent.
  
 {{ :​state_ranking_for_blacks_2.png?​direct&​700 |States in Rank Order by Family Belonging Index among Blacks}} {{ :​state_ranking_for_blacks_2.png?​direct&​700 |States in Rank Order by Family Belonging Index among Blacks}}
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 {{ :​us_out-of-wedlock_birth_rate_of_teenagers_by_race.png?​direct&​600 |U.S. Out-of-Wedlock Birth Rate of Teenage Women by Race/ Ethnicity}} {{ :​us_out-of-wedlock_birth_rate_of_teenagers_by_race.png?​direct&​600 |U.S. Out-of-Wedlock Birth Rate of Teenage Women by Race/ Ethnicity}}
  
-However, black youth are still far more likely than Hispanic or white youth to have had sexual intercourse. According to the Center of Disease Control’s “Youth Risk Behavior Surveys,” in 2011 about 41 percent of black (non-Hispanic) adolescents have had sex compared to 33.5 percent of Hispanic teenagers and 32.4 percent of white (non-Hispanic) teenagers. Similarly, black teenage women are most likely to give birth out-of-wedlock—slightly more than Hispanic teenagers, and significantly more than white teenagers.((See [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF15B29.pdf|The State of the Black Family]]. +However, black youth are still far more likely than Hispanic or white youth to have had sexual intercourse. According to the Center of Disease Control’s “Youth Risk Behavior Surveys,” in 2011 about 41 percent of black (non-Hispanic) adolescents have had sex compared to 33.5 percent of Hispanic teenagers and 32.4 percent of white (non-Hispanic) teenagers. Similarly, black teenage women are most likely to give birth out-of-wedlock—slightly more than Hispanic teenagers, and significantly more than white teenagers.((See [[http://marri.us/research/research-papers/​state-of-the-black-family/|The State of the Black Family]].))
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-This entry draws heavily from [[http://​downloads.frc.org/​EF/​EF15B28.pdf| The Fifth Annual Index of Belonging and Rejection]] and [[http://​downloads.frc.org/​EF/​EF15B29.pdf|The State of the Black Family]].)) ​+
  
 Not surprising, given their high rate of sexual activity, black individuals are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with an HIV than people of other races/ ethnicities. ​ Not surprising, given their high rate of sexual activity, black individuals are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with an HIV than people of other races/ ethnicities. ​
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 Clearly, the more sexual partners an individual has, the less he/ she is capable of sustaining marriage. This is especially true for women, who experience a steeper and more significant reduction in marital security with each additional non-marital or extra-marital partner. ​ Clearly, the more sexual partners an individual has, the less he/ she is capable of sustaining marriage. This is especially true for women, who experience a steeper and more significant reduction in marital security with each additional non-marital or extra-marital partner. ​
  
-{{ :​wcf_number_sexual_partners.png?​direct&​400 |Men and Women in First Marriage by Number of Sexual Partners}} ​+{{ :​wcf_number_sexual_partners.png?​direct&​500 |Men and Women in First Marriage by Number of Sexual Partners}} ​
  
 =====2. Family Structure===== =====2. Family Structure=====
  
-The intact, married black family is rapidly disappearing. According to 2008-2012 data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, only 17 percent of black teenagers have been raised by their married, biological parents.((Patrick F. Fagan and Christina Hadford, ​The Fifth Annual Index of Family Belonging and Rejection,” Marriage and Religion Research Institute ​(2015)available ​at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF15B28.pdf]].)) This is less than half the number of black children raised in intact families in 1950. +The intact, married black family is rapidly disappearing. According to 2008-2012 data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, only 17 percent of black teenagers have been raised by their married, biological parents.((Patrick F. Fagan and Christina Hadford, ​//The Fifth Annual Index of Family Belonging and Rejection//, Marriage and Religion Research Institute, ​2015. Available ​at [[http://marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​fifth-annual-index-of-belonging-and-rejection/​]]\\ 
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 +This entry draws heavily from [[http://marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​fifth-annual-index-of-belonging-and-rejection/​| The Fifth Annual Index of Belonging and Rejection]] and [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​state-of-the-black-family/​|The State of the Black Family]].)) ​)) This is less than half the number of black children raised in intact families in 1950. 
  
 {{ :​1950_vs._2012-_change_in_family_belonging_of_white_and_black_families.png?​direct&​500 |1950 versus 2012: Change in Family Belonging in White and Black Families}} {{ :​1950_vs._2012-_change_in_family_belonging_of_white_and_black_families.png?​direct&​500 |1950 versus 2012: Change in Family Belonging in White and Black Families}}
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 Black females aged 35-40 who are in intact married families are most likely to have graduated from college; conversely, black women who dropped out of high school are most likely to be single. Black females aged 35-40 who are in intact married families are most likely to have graduated from college; conversely, black women who dropped out of high school are most likely to be single.
  
-{{ :​family_structure_high_school_dropouts_and_college_graduates_combined.png?​direct&​1100 |Female Education Attainment by Family Structure}}+{{ :​family_structure_high_school_dropouts_and_college_graduates_combined.png?​direct&​1200 |Female Education Attainment by Family Structure}}
  
 Black males exhibit similar trends: most college graduates are in intact marriages, whereas most high school dropouts are, and always have been, single. ​ Black males exhibit similar trends: most college graduates are in intact marriages, whereas most high school dropouts are, and always have been, single. ​
  
-{{ :​family_structure_male_high_school_dropouts_and_college_graduates_combined.png?​direct&​1100 |Male Education Attainment by Family Structure}}+{{ :​family_structure_male_high_school_dropouts_and_college_graduates_combined.png?​direct&​1200 |Male Education Attainment by Family Structure}}
  
 =====4. Income===== =====4. Income=====
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 Correspondingly,​ as the below chart shows, 50 percent of black children living in poverty are being raised by an always-single parent.  ​ Correspondingly,​ as the below chart shows, 50 percent of black children living in poverty are being raised by an always-single parent.  ​
  
-{{ :​black_children_in_poverty.png?​direct&​600 |Black Children Living in Poverty}} ​+{{ :​black_children_in_poverty.png?​direct&​700 |Black Children Living in Poverty}} ​
  
 Black adults who forgo marriage and black children who are not raised by their married parents tend to face a wide range of financial obstacles, and very frequently end up in poverty. ​ Black adults who forgo marriage and black children who are not raised by their married parents tend to face a wide range of financial obstacles, and very frequently end up in poverty. ​
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 {{ :​black_children_foodstamps.png?​direct&​600 |Black Children Household'​s Use of Food Stamps}} ​ {{ :​black_children_foodstamps.png?​direct&​600 |Black Children Household'​s Use of Food Stamps}} ​
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