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pornography_and_sexual_offense [2015/09/10 14:19]
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pornography_and_sexual_offense [2017/06/08 07:50] (current)
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 ==========Pornography and Sexual Offense========== ==========Pornography and Sexual Offense==========
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-//Research Synthesis Paper//: [[http://​microsite.frc.org/​get.cfm?​i=RS09K01|The Effects of Pornography on Individuals,​ Marriage, Family and Community]] 
  
 Pornography viewing and sexual offense are inextricably linked. Pornography viewing and sexual offense are inextricably linked.
  
-One study of convicted Internet sexual ​offenders ​reported that they spent more than eleven hours per week viewing pornographic images of children on the Internet.((Sarah Laulik, Jane Allam, ​and Lorraine Sheridan, “An Investigation into Maladaptive Personality Functioning ​in Internet Sex Offenders,​” //​Psychology,​ Crime & Law// 13 (2007): 523-35 (527).)) Another study compared two groups ​of offenders: those convicted ​of Internet collection ​and distribution ​of child pornography imagesand those who commit real life child sex abuse. The results showed that a majority ​of those who were convicted ​of only Internet-based offenses also had committed real life sexual abuse of children. Moreover the study also found that real life offenders had committed an average of over thirteen different ​child sex abuse offensesirrespective ​of whether they had formally been convicted ​of any real life incident.((Michael ​L. Bourke and Andres E. Hernandez, “The ​‘Butner Study’ Redux: A Report ​of Incidence of Hands-on Child Victimization ​by Child Pornography Offenders,” //Journal of Family Violence// 24 (2009): 183-91 (187).))+=====Violence and Rape===== 
 + 
 +study of sex offenders and non-offenders revealed significant differences ​in [[effects_of_pornography_on_adolescents|adolescent pornography]] use as well as current useSignificant proportions ​of different types of [[pornography_objectifies_women|rapists ​and molesters]] had used hard-core pornography ​ during their adolescence:​ 33 percent ​of heterosexual ​child molesters39 percent of homosexual ​child molesters, and 33 percent of rapists. The[[effects_of_pornography| current use]] of hard core pornography was even greater for these groups: 67 percent ​of heterosexual child molesters, 67 percent ​of homosexual ​child molestersand 83 percent ​of rapists, contrasted with 29 percent ​of non-offending pornography viewers. About a third of the sex offenders reported using pornography as a deliberate stimulus to commit their sexual offenses.((W.L. Marshall, “The ​Use of Sexually Explicit Stimuli ​by Rapists, ​Child Molesters, and Nonoffenders,” //The Journal of Sex Research// 25, (1988): 267-288, 279.)) 
 + 
 +=====Child Sexual Abuse=====
  
-study of sex offenders and non-offenders revealed significant differences ​in adolescent pornography use as well as current useSignificant proportions ​of different types of rapists ​and molesters had used hard-core pornography ​ during their adolescence:​ 33 percent ​of heterosexual ​child molesters, 39 percent of homosexual child molesters, and 33 percent of rapists. The current use of hard core pornography was even greater for these groups: 67 percent ​of heterosexual child molesters, 67 percent ​of homosexual ​child molestersand 83 percent ​of rapists, contrasted with 29 percent ​of non-offending pornography viewers. About a third of the sex offenders reported using pornography as a deliberate stimulus to commit their sexual offenses.((W.L. Marshall, “The ​Use of Sexually Explicit Stimuli ​by Rapists, ​Child Molesters, and Nonoffenders,” //The Journal of Sex Research// 25 (1988): 267-288 (279).))+One study of convicted Internet sexual ​offenders ​reported that they spent more than eleven hours per week viewing pornographic images of children on the Internet.((Sarah Laulik, Jane Allam, ​and Lorraine Sheridan, “An Investigation into Maladaptive Personality Functioning ​in Internet Sex Offenders,​” //​Psychology,​ Crime & Law// 13, (2007): 523-35, 527.)) Another study compared two groups ​of offenders: those convicted ​of Internet collection ​and distribution ​of child pornography images, and those who commit real life child sex abuse. The results showed that a majority ​of those who were convicted ​of only Internet-based offenses also had committed real life sexual abuse of children. Moreover the study also found that real life offenders had committed an average of over thirteen different ​child sex abuse offensesirrespective ​of whether they had formally been convicted ​of any real life incident.((Michael ​L. Bourke and Andres E. Hernandez, “The ​‘Butner Study’ Redux: A Report ​of Incidence of Hands-on Child Victimization ​by Child Pornography Offenders,” //Journal of Family Violence// 24, (2009): 183-91 (187).))
  
-Another study examined the beliefs of three groups: real life“contact-only” child sex offenders, Internet-only child sex offenders, and mixed offenders (contact and Internet). While all groups were more likely to minimize the gravity of their offense, the Internet-only group was more likely than the contact-only group to think that children could make their own decisions on sexual involvement and to believe that some children wanted, even eagerly wanted, sexual activity with an adult.((Dennis Howitt and Kerry Sheldon, “The Role of Cognitive Distortions in Paedophilic Offending: Internet and Contact Offenders Compared,​” //​Psychology,​ Crime & Law// 13 (2007): 469- (478).))+Another study examined the beliefs of three groups: real life “contact-only” child sex offenders, Internet-only child sex offenders, and mixed offenders (contact and Internet). While all groups were more likely to minimize the gravity of their offense, the Internet-only group was more likely than the contact-only group to think that children could make their own decisions on sexual involvement and to believe that some children wanted, even eagerly wanted, sexual activity with an adult.((Dennis Howitt and Kerry Sheldon, “The Role of Cognitive Distortions in Paedophilic Offending: Internet and Contact Offenders Compared,​” //​Psychology,​ Crime & Law// 13(2007): 469-478
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 +\\ 
 +This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​the-effects-of-pornography-on-individuals-marriage-family-and-community/​|The Effects of Pornography on Individuals,​ Marriage, Family and Community]].))