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effects_of_parental_discipline_on_juvenile_crime_rates [2015/06/16 08:08]
marri [1.1 Discipline by Single Teen Mothers]
effects_of_parental_discipline_on_juvenile_crime_rates [2015/09/11 09:38]
marri [2. Excessively Harsh Punishment]
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 ==========Effects of Parental Discipline on Juvenile Crime Rates========== ==========Effects of Parental Discipline on Juvenile Crime Rates==========
  
-//Research Synthesis//:​ [[http://​www.heritage.org/​research/​reports/​1995/​03/​bg1026nbsp-the-real-root-causes-of-violent-crime|The Real Root Causes of Violent Crime: The Breakdown of Marriage, Family, and Community]]+//Research Synthesis ​Paper//: [[http://​www.heritage.org/​research/​reports/​1995/​03/​bg1026nbsp-the-real-root-causes-of-violent-crime|The Real Root Causes of Violent Crime: The Breakdown of Marriage, Family, and Community]]
  
 =====1. Importance on Proper Supervision and Discipline===== =====1. Importance on Proper Supervision and Discipline=====
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 =====2. Excessively Harsh Punishment===== =====2. Excessively Harsh Punishment=====
  
-While parental monitoring and supervision obviously are good for children, harsh or excessive discipline has just the opposite effect. The parents of delinquents are harsher than ordinary parents in punishing their children; ​ and depressed, stressed, or hostile parents more likely will vent their anger on their more aggressive children. ​ In the case of the single teenage mother, the absence of the father increases the risk of harshness from the mother. ​ For these children, harsh punishment can mean parental rejection. "​Punishment that is too strict, frequent or severe can lead to a greater probability of delinquency regardless of parental attachments. That is, a strong parent-child bond will not lessen the adverse impact of punishment that is too harsh." ​+While parental monitoring and supervision obviously are good for children, harsh or excessive discipline has just the opposite effect. The parents of delinquents are harsher than ordinary parents in punishing their children;((Jeff M. Madoff, “The Attitudes of Mothers of Juvenile Delinquents Toward Child Rearing,” //Journal of Consulting Psychology//,​ Vol. 23, No. 6 (1959), pp. 518-521.)) ​and depressed, stressed, or hostile parents more likely will vent their anger on their more aggressive children.((Quoted in Rolf Loeber and Magda Stouthamer-Loeber,​ “Family Factors as Correlates and Predictors of Juvenile Conduct Problems and Delinquency,​” in //Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research//, ed. M. Tonry and N. Morris (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), Vol. 7, pp. 29-149.)) ​In the case of the single teenage mother, the absence of the father increases the risk of harshness from the mother.((Merry Morash and Lila Rucker, “An Exploratory Study of the Connection of Mother’s Age at Childbearing to Her Children’s Delinquency in Four Data Sets,” //Crime and Delinquency//,​ Vol. 35, No. 1 (1989), pp. 45-93.)) ​For these children, harsh punishment can mean parental rejection. "​Punishment that is too strict, frequent or severe can lead to a greater probability of delinquency regardless of parental attachments. That is, a strong parent-child bond will not lessen the adverse impact of punishment that is too harsh."​((Joseph H. Rankin and L. Edwards Wells, “The Effect of Parental Attachments and Direct Controls on Delinquency,​” //Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency//,​ Vol. 27, No. 2 (1990), pp. 140-165.)) Punishment administered in anger increases a child’s chances of becoming violent.((UNICEF Unite for Children, World Health Organization,​ United Nations Educational,​ Scientific, and Cultural Organization,​ UNFPA, UNDP, UNAIDS, World Food Programme, and The World Bank, “Child Development and Early Learning,​” United Nations Children’s Fund (2010). Available via //Facts for Life// at [[http://​www.factsforlifeglobal.org/​03/​1.html]]. ))