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effects_of_family_structure_on_children_s_education [2017/05/23 08:42]
marri [5.1 Related American Demographics]
effects_of_family_structure_on_children_s_education [2017/05/23 08:44]
marri
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 =====1. Influence of Family Structure===== =====1. Influence of Family Structure=====
  
-Family intactness is one of the [[effects_of_family_structure_on_policy_outcomes|greatest positive influences]] ((A positive correlation exists when, as one variable decreases, the other variable also decreases, and vice versa.)) on high school graduation rates. Only the fraction of the adult population that has graduated from high school surpasses family intactness in its degree of influence. The former is presumably a strong effect of inter-generational behavior modeling and may as well indicate norms-setting. These influences remain and continue to be precisely determinable when earnings controls are added. This is in contrast to college graduation'​s influence, which is indeterminate whether or not earnings controls are included. The fractions of blacks or Hispanics in an area has [[effects_of_family_structure_on_policy_outcomes|no determinable influence]] on high school graduation rates once other controls((See Table 2 in Henry Potrykus and Patrick Fagan, “U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family,” (January 2013). Available at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13B33.pdf]] for a list of the controls and other methodological considerations.)) have been implemented.+Family intactness is one of the [[effects_of_family_structure_on_policy_outcomes|greatest positive influences]] ((A positive correlation exists when, as one variable decreases, the other variable also decreases, and vice versa.)) on high school graduation rates. Only the fraction of the adult population that has graduated from high school surpasses family intactness in its degree of influence. The former is presumably a strong effect of inter-generational behavior modeling and may as well indicate norms-setting. These influences remain and continue to be precisely determinable when earnings controls are added. This is in contrast to college graduation'​s influence, which is indeterminate whether or not earnings controls are included. The fractions of blacks or Hispanics in an area has [[effects_of_family_structure_on_policy_outcomes|no determinable influence]] on high school graduation rates once other controls((See Table 2 in Henry Potrykus and Patrick Fagan, “U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family,” (January 2013). Available at [[http://marri.us/research/​research-papers/​u-s-social-policy-dependence-on-the-family/]] for a list of the controls and other methodological considerations.)) have been implemented.
  
 Family intactness should be viewed as one of the principle generative agents of high school graduation levels in an area: Part of the strong, beneficial influence of high school graduation levels on the outcomes studied should be attributed to family intactness'​ influence on high school graduation rates. Family intactness should be viewed as one of the principle generative agents of high school graduation levels in an area: Part of the strong, beneficial influence of high school graduation levels on the outcomes studied should be attributed to family intactness'​ influence on high school graduation rates.
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 =====6. Family Socioeconomic Status===== =====6. Family Socioeconomic Status=====
  
-Intact married families are [[effects_of_marriage_on_financial_stability|stronger economically]].((Patrick F. Fagan, Andrew Kidd, and Henry Potrykus, “Marriage and Economic Well-Being: The Economy of the Family Rises or Falls with Marriage.” Available at [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF11E70.pdf]].Accessed 16 September 2011.)) Infants and toddlers from higher-income families are more likely to master age-appropriate cognitive and language skills than those from lower-income families.((Tamara Halle, et al., //​Disparities in Early Learning and Development:​ Lessons from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)// Washington, DC: Child Trends 2009, 4-5. Available at [[http://​www.childtrends.org/​Files/​Child_Trends-2009_07_10_FR_DisparitiesEL.pdf]]. Accessed 19 September 2011.)) Intact biological families tend to have [[effects_of_family_structure_on_income|larger incomes]],​((Adam Thomas, and Isabel Sawhill, "For Love and Money? the Impact of Family Structure on Family Income,"​ //The Future of Children// 15, no. 2 (2005).)) which affects the neighborhoods in which families can afford to live((Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur, //Growing Up with a Single Parent: What Hurts, What Helps// (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994), 79.)) and thereby the quality and resources of the schools their children will attend. Intact biological families save earlier and more for (and expect to spend more to support) their children’s first year in college.((Kevin Zvoch, “Family Type and Investment in Education: A Comparison of Genetic and Stepparent Families,​” //Evolution and Human Behavior// 20, (1999): 459.+Intact married families are [[effects_of_marriage_on_financial_stability|stronger economically]].((Patrick F. Fagan, Andrew Kidd, and Henry Potrykus, “Marriage and Economic Well-Being: The Economy of the Family Rises or Falls with Marriage.” Available at [[http://marri.us/research/​research-papers/​marriage-and-economic-well-being-the-economy-of-the-family-rises-or-falls-with-marriage/​]].Accessed 16 September 2011.)) Infants and toddlers from higher-income families are more likely to master age-appropriate cognitive and language skills than those from lower-income families.((Tamara Halle, et al., //​Disparities in Early Learning and Development:​ Lessons from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)// Washington, DC: Child Trends 2009, 4-5. Available at [[http://​www.childtrends.org/​Files/​Child_Trends-2009_07_10_FR_DisparitiesEL.pdf]]. Accessed 19 September 2011.)) Intact biological families tend to have [[effects_of_family_structure_on_income|larger incomes]],​((Adam Thomas, and Isabel Sawhill, "For Love and Money? the Impact of Family Structure on Family Income,"​ //The Future of Children// 15, no. 2 (2005).)) which affects the neighborhoods in which families can afford to live((Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur, //Growing Up with a Single Parent: What Hurts, What Helps// (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994), 79.)) and thereby the quality and resources of the schools their children will attend. Intact biological families save earlier and more for (and expect to spend more to support) their children’s first year in college.((Kevin Zvoch, “Family Type and Investment in Education: A Comparison of Genetic and Stepparent Families,​” //Evolution and Human Behavior// 20, (1999): 459.
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-This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​marriage-structure-education|Marriage,​ Family Structure, and Children'​s Educational Attainment]] and [[http://downloads.frc.org/EF/EF13B33.pdf|U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family]].))+This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​marriage-structure-education|Marriage,​ Family Structure, and Children'​s Educational Attainment]] and [[http://marri.us/research/​research-papers/​marriage-family-structure-and-childrens-educational-attainment/|U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family]].))